• Ensuring universal access to modern energy services;
• Doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency; and
• Doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
Fuel used to meet the energy requirements for cooking and heating in village is juxtaposed with modern solar photo voltaic panels to provide light. The panels in the foreground are meant for charging solar lanterns, while the one in the middle is used to operate a micro-grid in the village and meets the lighting requirement of 40 households. This micro grid was set up in village Bhulbhawanipur in UP’s Hardoi district under UNDP’s Access to Clean Energy project.
According to the Government of India’s 2011 Census, an estimated 75 million rural households i.e. 45 per cent of total rural households do not have electricity. An estimated 142 million rural households, almost 85 per cent of total rural households, are dependent on traditional biomass fuel for cooking.
The health impact of using traditional biomass and animal dung based fuel warrants transition to cleaner and sustainable forms of energy to achieve a minimum standard of living. The spread of these advanced and efficient forms of distributed energy supplies that are locally managed will have several positive effects leading to all round development through improved health conditions, education, and livelihood generation among rural household that lack access to modern services.
Sustainable Energy for All: Compendium of the Work of UN Agencies in India In response to the urgent need to address energy issues in India and with a view to support the UN Secretary General’s global initiative, 12 UN agencies in India led by the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) have come together to identify key issues and map their work in the country.
A joint partnership between UNDP and the Ministry of Steel, Government of India and Global Environment Facility is helping energy-intensive steel sector save up to 40 percent on energy consumption enabling entrepreneurs to reap greater profits.
IFAD and the Odisha Tribal Empowerment and Livelihood Programme have partnered to improve food and livelihood security for one of India’s most primitive tribes, the Bonda in Odisha. The change has been inspirational. For a community which rarely ventured out after sunset, a solar lamp microenterprise set up tribal women is improving incomes and the quality of life for many in the remote village. Children are able to study after dark, women can engage in income generating activities even after they return from the field, and there is more money for healthcare, education and household amenities.
Since 2004, the International Fund for Agricultural Development has been supporting the Odisha Tribal Empowerment and Livelihoods Programme to improve women’s health and reduce dependence on natural resources. Enabling the use of smokeless cooking stoves has made a huge difference to the lives of women, reducing the burden of searching for firewood, reducing the environmental impact of indoor pollution and ensuring better health for women and their families who now have a cleaner air to breathe.
A UNDP partnership with the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India is demonstrating that in the small tea processing sector in South India, energy conservation can help the sector improve profitability, remain environment-friendly and continue to support employment for the large numbers of people depending on the Nilgiri Hills in the South for their livelihoods.
Bioenergy for Rural India
Supported by UNDP, the book narrates the implementation of a unique energy project that focused on power generation using biomass gasification technology. BERI or Biomass Energy for Rural India project was implemented in Tumkur district of Karnataka between 2001 and 2012.
Energy Efficient Steel Re-rolling
Supported by UNDP, the book narrates the story of how technology innovations were made in the steel re-rolling mills (SRRMs) making them more energy efficient primarily by making the Re-Heating Furnace – which consumes as much as 40 per cent of the total energy consumption in a mill – redundant.
Sustainable Energy Networks
Global Tracking Framework
A new multi-agency study, led by the World Bank and the International Energy Agency, was presented at the Vienna Energy Forum 2013. The Global Tracking Framework report charts the course to achieve universal energy access, double the use of renewable energy and improve energy efficiency.
UN-Energy Knowledge Network
At the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), held in Johannesburg in 2002, it became clear to delegates that poverty reduction, access to energy, energy security and climate change mitigation were all interlinked issues requiring a coordinated response from the development community. UN-Energy, the United Nations’ mechanism for inter-agency collaboration in the field of energy, was established in 2004 to help ensure coherence in the United Nations system’s multidisciplinary response to the WSSD, and to support countries in their transition to sustainable energy. The core fields of access to energy, renewable energy and energy efficiency – UN-Energy’s clusters – have garnered major attention and experienced rapid growth in investments and policy-related focus with an ever-growing number and variety of players involved.
Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development
The Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development (GNESD), a south-south knowledge network facilitated by UNEP, works to promote energy access in developing countries and to establish synergistic opportunities between energy access and development. With the launch of the SSE4All initiative by the UN Secretary General in 2012, the GNESD network with its 10 member centers from across three continents has been contributing to the call for making sustainable energy a reality by 2030.
United Nations Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform
The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, or Rio+20, resulted in a focused political outcome document which contains clear and practical measures for implementing sustainable development. The UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform is an important resource including on sustainable energy.
Addressing the Delhi Sustainable Development Summit 2015 via videoconference, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called for countries to take a low-carbon approach to development in the coming years.
World Environment Day 2014 falls during the International Year of Small Island Developing States, declared by the United Nations General Assembly to raise awareness of the special needs of this diverse coalition as part of the global discussion on how to achieve a sustainable future for all.
Ayumi Fujino, UNIDO Representative for India and Regional Director for South Asia outlines the 4 As — accessibility, availability, affordability and accountability – which are crucial for India in achieving sustainable energy for all.
World Environment Day 2014
UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner encourages everyone, everywhere to join this year’s WED celebrations.
Power to the People: The story of BERI
Supported by UNDP and other partners, the BERI or Biomass Energy for Rural India project operates sub-megawatt biomass power generation plants that have transformed villagers from mere consumers to producers and distributors of power.
In India, an estimated 400 million people live without electricity. This translates into lesser opportunities for a decent standard of living and entrepreneurship for the poor. Renewable energy technologies, besides being environment-friendly, have the potential to generate employment in rural areas. In view of this, as part of UNDP’s partnership with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, pilots demonstrating the use of renewable energy sources to generate electricity in rural areas have been set up across the country. This film documents six such models from different parts of the country.
The United Nations in India in partnership with World Comics India uses the power of comics to tell stories from across India, across communities, and across languages. Through workshops held in the country, young people, women, men and children who are poor and from marginalized communities find expression through comics.