At the historic United Nations Millennium Declaration in 2000, the global community acknowledged the importance of an effective response to HIV by placing it in the context of a broader development agenda. The Declaration of Commitment in 2001, followed by the Political Declarations in 2006 and 2011 adopted at the United Nations General Assembly witnessed the further commitment of Member States to the global AIDS response.
India has been addressing HIV through the various phases of the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP). The goals of the fourth phase of NACP are aligned with the Government of India’s 12th Five-Year Plan goals of inclusive growth and development for long term sustainability. Accordingly, the goals are to accelerate the reversal of the HIV epidemic and integrate the response over the current five-year phase. Coordinated by UNAIDS, and guided by the UN Country Team, the Joint UN Team on AIDS in India brings together different UN agencies and UNAIDS co-sponsors, in support of the Government; civil society; and community efforts.
Meeting national targets for universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, halts and reverses the spread of HIV.
India has been largely effective with its response to HIV and has reduced the number of new infections by more than 50 per cent between 2001 and 2012 (UNAIDS Global Report 2013). India has also improved access to Antiretroviral Therapy, and reduced the number of AIDS-related deaths in the country. Yet, the country also has the third largest number of people living with HIV in the world. In addition, emerging trends in HIV epidemic are still observed in some geographic regions and among some population groups in the country (Annual Report 2011-2012, Department of AIDS Control, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare). The Joint Team, by leveraging on the strengths of different UN agencies and UNAIDS Co-sponsors, seeks to support the national AIDS response in the following areas:
Reduce sexual transmission of HIV
Prevent mothers from dying and babies from becoming infected with HIV
Ensure that people living with HIV receive treatment
Prevent people living with HIV from dying of tuberculosis
Protect drug users from becoming infected with HIV and ensure access to comprehensive HIV services for people in prisons and other closed settings
Empower men who have sex with men, sex workers and transgender people to protect them from HIV infection and to fully access Antiretroviral Therapy
Reform punitive laws, policies, practices, stigma and discrimination that block effective responses to AIDS
Meet the HIV needs of women and girls and stop sexual and gender-based violence
Empower young people to protect themselves from HIV • Enhance social protection for people affected by HIV
Address HIV in humanitarian emergencies
Integrate food and nutrition within the HIV response
Scale up HIV workplace policies and programmes and mobilize the private sector • Ensure high-quality education for a more effective HIV response
Support strategic, prioritized and costed multisectoral national AIDS plan
Mayor of East Delhi undergoes public HIV testing to increase awareness
05 December 2014: Showing remarkable commitment towards ending the AIDS epidemic, the Mayor of East Delhi, Meenakshi Suryavanshi, underwent voluntary testing for HIV in a testing camp in her constituency. The testing was done using rapid whole blood finger prick test kits in a HIV counselling and testing camp at Bhajanpura, Ramlila Ground, Delhi (East).
Getting to Zero
02 December 2014: The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in collaboration with partners organised an afternoon of soccer to re-affirm the promise of ‘Getting to Zero’ to mark World AIDS Day in the Jesus and Mary College grounds.
World AIDS Day
01 December 2014: The National AIDS Control Organisation, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare observed World AIDS Day 2014 at the Talkatora Stadium in New Delhi. The National Toll Free AIDS Helpline, Digital Resource Centre and Supply Chain Management System was launched at the event. The event was co-hosted by the National AIDS Control Organisation, Delhi State AIDS Control Society, and the United Nations Development Programme.
01 December 2014: In collaboration with Alliance Francaise de Delhi, the United Nations commemorated World AIDS Day on Monday 1st December 2014. An interactive event with youth was held featuring artists, street theatre, films and discussion at the Alliance Francaise de Delhi, 72 Lodi Road.
Maharashtra AIDS Control Society observes World AIDS Day in Mumbai
01 December 2014: At a World AIDS Day event organised by the Maharashtra AIDS Control Society at which representatives from the UNAIDS India office participated, the book ’A Positive Child has a right to a positive life’ was launched
01 December 2014: The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in collaboration with partners organised a musical evening to celebrate the ‘Spirit of Positive Living’ on the occasion of World AIDS Day 2014 at Jesus and Mary College.
Towards a Future without AIDS in India
The brochure provides the status of the AIDS epidemic globally and in India, including efforts made by the Joint UN Team on HIV/AIDS to meeting targets aimed at ending AIDS in India
On World AIDS Day, UNAIDS released a report on HIV in cities. The Cities Report outlines the important role urban areas will play in ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030. The report includes a profile of 12 cities.
There is a strong global consensus that the tools now exist to end the AIDS epidemic. This confidence is based on a combination of major scientific breakthroughs and accumulated lessons learned over more than a decade of scaling up the AIDS response worldwide. The achievement of targets built on these tools now needs to be fast-tracked
The Gap Report
The aim of the UNAIDS Gap report is to provide the best possible data, but, in addition, to give information and analysis on the people being left behind.
The fact sheet presents data on the AIDS epidemic from 1990 to 2013.
World AIDS Day 2014
UNAIDS Executive Director urges to close the gap and end the AIDS epidemic by 2030.
Celebrating the spirit of positive living
Mr Yury Fedotov, Executive Director, UNODC and Director-General of the United Nations Office in Vienna on his vision of Getting to Zero, ending stigma and discrimination, ensuring no one is left behind, and the key takeaways from his visit to India
Oussama Tawil, UNAIDS Country Coordinator on the need to close the gap in access to HIV prevention, treatment and care, ending social stigma and providing social protection schemes.
All-inclusive approach is the key to success
On World Aids day, Cristina Abertin, Representative for South Asia, UNODC said that no one facing HIV should be left behind and laws and policies should be reviewed to include the drug users and prisoners as well.
Growing Awareness and Support
Oscar Fernandes, Member of Parliament and President of the forum of Parliamentarians on HIV/AIDS in India on how support and awareness is growing, but still India has a long way to go.
Overcoming stigma & fear
Simon W Biddoe, Member, India HIV/AIDS Alliance talks about injecting drug users who are not able to access public service schemes due to fear of being treated as criminals.
Need to bridge the gap
Alok, a drug user community activist on how the government policies should be designed to reach out to all communities.
Facing dual stigma
Charan Sharma, Secretary, Indian Drug User Forum on how people who inject drugs are left behind. They face the dual stigma of being drug users and also living with HIV.
J.D. Seelam, Member, Forum of Parliamentarians on HIV/AIDS on the need to develop synergy between the various ministries, NGOs and the international organisations working on protecting the human rights of people affected by HIV.
Kousalya Periasamy, President, Positive Women’s Network says social protection is very important for women living with HIV who comprise 40 percent of the affected population.
Voices from Parliament
Members of the Indian Parliament share their views on what needs to be done to address the challenge of AIDS in India
High on life
On World Aids day, two community activists talk about how their lives changed after saying no to drugs.
Prasada Rao, UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for AIDS in the Asia Pacific calls the recent Indian Court judgment on criminalizing homosexuality a setback for the movement to reduce the spread of HIV in the region.
General Assembly President John W. Ashe on World AIDS Day 2014
The President of the UN General Assembly states that as part of his efforts to promote the post 2015 sustainable development agenda, he calls on Member States to increase their commitment to HIV/AIDS initiatives and to reduce the onerous health costs of medication, while boosting financial flows to HIV/AIDS programmes
Fast-Track Cities: Ending the AIDS epidemic
With the declaration, city leaders committed to taking fast-track action towards achieving UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets: 90% of people living with HIV knowing their HIV status; 90% of people who know their HIV-positive status on antiretroviral treatment; and 90% of people on treatment with suppressed viral loads.
2011 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS
Thirty years into the AIDS epidemic, and 10 years since the landmark UN General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS, leaders came together at the 2011 UN General Assembly High Level Meeting on AIDS from 8–10 June 2011 in New York. They reviewed progress and adopted a new Political Declaration that includes new commitments and bold new targets which will create momentum in the AIDS response.
2006 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS
In 2006 UN Member States met to review progress achieved in realizing the targets set out in the 2001 Declaration on HIV/AIDS. A Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS was adopted unanimously by Member States on 2 June at the close of the United Nations General Assembly High Level Meeting on AIDS. It reaffirms the 2001 Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals, in particular the goal to halt and begin to reverse the spread of AIDS by 2015.The Political Declaration also recognized the “urgent need to scale up significantly towards the goal of universal access to comprehensive prevention programmes, treatment, care and support by 2010.”
2001 Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS
In June 2001, Heads of State and Representatives of Governments met at the United Nations General Assembly Special Session dedicated to HIV/AIDS. The meeting recognized that the AIDS epidemic had caused untold suffering and death worldwide. The UN Special Session also served to remind the world that there was hope. With sufficient will and resources, communities and countries could change the course of the epidemic. Heads of State and Representatives of Governments issued the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. This Declaration sets out a series of national targets and global actions to reverse the epidemic and Member States are required to submit Country Progress reports to the UNAIDS Secretariat every two years.
2000 Millennium Development Goals
In 2000, the largest gathering of world leaders at United Nations Headquarters in New York adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration. The Declaration, endorsed by 189 countries, committed nations to a new global partnership to reduce extreme poverty and it set out a series of targets to be reached by 2015. These have become known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Goal 6 of the MDGs sets out by 2015 to have halted and begun to reverse the spread of HIV; and to have achieved, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV for all those who need it.