Stay calm Do not panic. Remember that most people recover from COVID-19 and do not require hospitalization. However, home isolation is advised only after evaluation by a healthcare worker.

Bira (15) shows the right way to wear a mask.

 

Here are some useful tips that can help you and your loved ones manage and recover from #COVID19. Please share and don’t panic. Let’s also promise to mask up, stay safe and look out for each other during this difficult time.

NO. 1

Stay calm and self-isolate

As soon as you feel any symptoms including sore throat, a cough, loose motions or mild fever, isolate yourself immediately. This simple act of caution can save lives and help reduce the spread of COVID-19. Please don’t panic either. Remember that most people recover from COVID-19 and do not require hospitalization.

A person sitting on their couch with a laptop. There are animated coronavirus in the air outside their house.
UNICEF India

Self-isolate as soon as you feel unwell. 

Do not wait to get tested or receive the results. 

NO. 2

Consult a doctor 

Reach out to a doctor by phone who can assess your condition and advise you on the best course of action. They might recommend that you stay at home and manage the symptoms, or that you need to go to hospital.

Consult a doctor infographic.
UNICEF India

Seek medical advice on how to monitor and manage symptoms. 

The doctor will tell you if you can stay home or need hospital treatment. 

NO. 3

Stay apart 

If you have been advised by a doctor to stay at home due to #COVID19, keep yourself away from the rest of the household and stay in a separate room (if possible) with all the essential items you will need for a 10-day stay. This will help protect those in your household from contracting the virus. If it’s an option, self-isolate in a room with an attached bathroom or toilet or washroom.

Stay apart infographic.
UNICEF India

Isolate yourself in a separate, closed room.   

Open the windows for ventilation if possible.  

NO. 4

Wear a mask 

Make sure that you and anyone else interacting with you in-person is wearing a triple-layered mask that covers the nose and mouth completely. Do not touch the outer surface of the mask or your face.

Wear a mask infographic.
UNICEF India

Wear a triple-layered mask whenever you open the door.  

Those entering your room should also wear a mask.  

Discard and use another mask after eight hours of continuous wearing. 

NO. 5

Wash your hands 

You have heard this often and it remains very important to help control the spread of diseases such as COVID-19. Wash your hands frequently with soap or a 70 per cent alcohol-based sanitizer. When you are self-isolating because of COVID-19 and want the room cleaned, please do it yourself with a disinfectant or soap. Utensils and dishes should be cleaned with soap/detergent and water while wearing gloves. The utensils and dishes may be re-used. Don’t share personal items like utensils and towels with others.

Wash your hands infographic.
UNICEF India

Wash your hands with soap frequently. 

Clean your room yourself with disinfectant or soap. 

Caregivers must wear gloves when washing dishes. 

Don’t share personal items. 

NO. 6

Check your oxygen levels 

It’s important to keep an eye on your oxygen saturation levels regularly using a pulse oximeter. Put your finger in, press the button and wait to see your oxygen level and pulse rate appear on the screen. Check it every six hours or more frequently if your breaths are coming in too fast. The typical healthy range for oxygen saturation is between 95% and 99%. If it falls below 94% contact your doctor immediately and seek medical advice.

Check your oxygen levels infographic.
UNICEF India

Monitor your oxygen levels every six hours or more. 

Keep track of your levels in a diary. 

NO. 7

Monitor your temperature 

Every six hours, use a thermometer and see if you have developed a fever. If you have a fever, check your temperature more frequently to see if the fever is subsiding or increasing. It might be a useful practice to note down the oxygen level and temperatures so it’s easier to keep track.

Monitor your temperature infographic.
UNICEF India

Measure your temperature every six hours.

Do it more frequently if you have a fever. 

NO. 8

Do tepid sponging 

Give yourself a tepid sponge refresh using tap water. Do not use cold water. Ideally, if you are very unwell, have a caregiver or family member available to provide care. The caregiver should wear gloves and a triple layered mask while giving any support.

Do tepid sponging infographic.
UNICEF India

Do tepid sponging using tap water. 

Do not use cold water. 

NO. 9

Only have medicines which a doctor prescribes 

If you are at home, a doctor may prescribe medicines to relieve symptoms. Do not self-medicate. Home concoctions like garlic, camphor and carom seed (ajwain) bundles cannot improve oxygen levels.

Only have medicines prescribed by the doctor infographic.
UNICEF India

Take paracetamol (500 mg) every four to six hours if you have a high temperature, aches and pains. 

Do not have more than four doses maximum within a 24-hour period. 

NO. 10

Trust verified information only 

Do not fall for false information from unverified sources. You should never self medicate, only take what the doctor prescribes you.

NO. 11

Stay hydrated and eat well 

Drink enough water and eat nutritious meals even if you are unable to smell or taste them. There is no food known to treat or cure COVID-19 but eating healthy meals loaded with nutrients is useful to help your body recover.

Stay hydraded and eat well infographic.
UNICEF India

Drink lots of water and eat nutritious meals. 

It’s not a cure, but eating healthy will help your body recover. 

NO. 12

Rest, relax, rest, relax 

Your body and mind both need to rest and relax when you have COVID-19. Resist the temptation to doomscroll on social media and instead spend your time reading books, watching TV shows and films, listening to music, and having calls with your loved ones.

Rest and relax infographic.
UNICEF India

Distract yourself with books, TV shows and catch-up video calls. 

Rest a lot. 

If you feel up to it, do some light exercise. 

NO. 13

Look out for danger signs 

When you or a loved one are isolating at home due to a COVID-19 diagnosis and your doctor’s advice, look out for warning signs that indicate the need to immediately go to hospital and seek emergency medical intervention.

Look out for danger signs infographic.
UNICEF India

Seek emergency medical care in any of these cases:  

Oxygen level on the oximeter drops below 94%  

Shortness of breath worsens.    

Lips or face turn blue-ish.    

Feeling of disorientation increases.    

Fever of more than 101F (38C) persists for three days.    

Persistent pain or pressure in the chest.    

Slurred speech / seizures.    

Unable to wake up or stay awake.

NO. 14

Practise proning if oxygen level is low 

If a person’s oxygen level drops below 94 per cent and medical attention is not imminently possible, proning at home is advised as an effective breathing aid.

Avoid proning for an hour after meals. Maintain proning for only as many times as it feels tolerable. One may be able to prone for up to 16 hours a day in multiple cycles as per the comfort level. Adjust the pillows slightly if you need to alter pressure areas. If someone is helping you they should be triple masked and wear gloves.

NO. 15

Continue COVID-appropriate behaviors 

To prevent #COVID19, all of us have to continue wearing masks (the correct way), washing our hands frequently with soap, maintaining a distance of two meters, staying home and isolating if we have symptoms and getting vaccinated. Together all of these steps will be the weapon that helps us fight this pandemic.

NO. 16

Take care  

It is a tough time and all emotions worrying about yourself or your loved ones are valid. What can help is making sure that we are there for each other and stepping up to protect those around us. ❤️