India and the UN: A History

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India and the UN: A History

India signs the United Nations Charter

India signs the United Nations Charter on 26 June along with 49 other countries in San Francisco, United States. The Charter sets out, among other things, the ‘Purposes of the United Nations’, which include, among other things, mai... Read more
Jun
1945

International Labour Organization (ILO) becomes the first independent specialized agency of the UN

The International Labour Organization (ILO), which had a presence in India since 1928, becomes the first independent specialised agency of the UN. ILO is the United Nations agency for the world of work. It sets international labour sta... Read more
Jan
1946

UN Information Centre opens up in India.

The office of the United Nations Information Centre for India and Bhutan opens in New Delhi. Representing the UN Secretariat, UNIC serves as the information hub for the UN system, building awareness of the United Nations and promoting ... Read more
Jan
1947

UNESCO establishes presence in India

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) begins operations in India. UNESCO’s mission is to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultur... Read more
Jan
1948

UN begins providing technical assistance and support on health issues

The World Health Organization South-East Asia Regional Office opens in India. The regional office provides technical assistance and support on health issues to countries in the region. A WHO country office was established. The first WH... Read more
Jan
1948

FAO begins operations in India

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) begins operations in India. FAO’s work covers technical inputs and support for policy development in food production, access to food, nutrition and livelihoods, rural development and sustai... Read more
Jan
1948

India’s first Prime Minister addresses the UNGA

Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru delivers his first address as Prime Minister of India to the UN General Assembly on 3 November 1948. “I should like to state to this General Assembly, on behalf of my people and my Government, that we ... Read more
Nov
1948

UN General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The UN General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 December 1948. The day is celebrated every year as Human Rights Day. India was one of 48 countries to vote in favour of the declaration. India’s Hansa Meh... Read more
Dec
1948

UN begins work to advance the rights of children and adolescents

The office of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) opens in India. In India, UNICEF works to advance the rights of children, adolescents and women to survival, growth, development, participation and protection. UNICEF’s work... Read more
Jan
1949

First UN military observers supervise ceasefire between India & Pakistan

The first group of United Nations military observers arrives to supervise the ceasefire between India and Pakistan in the State of Jammu and Kashmir. These observers, under the command of the Military Adviser appointed by the UN Secret... Read more
Jan
1949